Most math teachers would love a longer class period! I taught a 100 minute class one year, and it definitely had its pros and cons:

## Pros of a 100 Minute Class Period

- More time
- More instruction
- More support
- More practice
- At the end of the year a student has had double the amount of time in that class than a traditional schedule
- You should definitely be able to get through your scope and sequence with 100 minute class periods
- If you had 100 minute classes, you probably have less students over all

## Cons of a 100 Minute Class Period

- 100 minutes is a loooooong time
- Students get distracted
- Classroom management is tough for that long of a time period

## Things to Consider

- Students are with you for double the amount of time, but that does not mean that you simply extend a 50 minute lesson. How can you be efficient and productive with the time?
- Students need structure. How can you develop a routine that breaks up the 100 minutes but still provides structure?
- Students (and adults) have a short attention span. A good rule of thumb is that new learning should not take longer than 1 plus your students’ age, so if you teach 12 year olds, your notes should last no longer than 13 minutes (12+1).

*Below is just one way to structure your 100 minute class period. Sometimes things do not go according to plan, but it is always a good idea to have a structured routine for both yourself and your students, especially if you will be with them for so long. 🙂 *

**Do First/Bell Ringer/Warm Up 5-10 minutes**

I used a very straightforward warm-up routine to get students working when they entered the classroom. The goal is that students can get started without needing assistance from me or their peers.

I used this time to:

- Greet students with a warm smile
- Check homework completion (if I assigned it)
- Take attendance

I would start a timer after the bell rang for 5 minutes and project it. When the timer went off, I spent the next 3-5 minutes either going over the warm up, going over last night’s homework, or a combination of both.

**Hook 2-5 minutes**

These few minutes are a great time to introduce the objective and make real-world connections. It can also be utilized to review prior content that is connected or to have students review any new vocabulary. Anything that can create a bit of buy-in is beneficial.

**Instruction 15-20 minutes **

**The goal of instruction is to give students enough information to understand the concept, but not so much that you are doing all of the heavy lifting in class. **It is a fine line to walk.

**If you need more than that recommended amount of time for direct instruction, that is okay! **Give students the opportunity to practice and engage in a meaningful way before returning to direct instruction. Another idea is to assign our student videos, since they adhere to this time recommendation.

Remember that direct instruction isn’t your only option to teach a lesson. You could:

- Have students explore using manipulatives
- Think aloud or model
- Ask students to build upon previous knowledge
- Use the Building Thinking Classrooms approach

Lastly, I think it is important to note that if you are using our curriculum, you do not need to go over every single problem on a student handout. **Work the problems ahead of time, decide which are the most important, and then save the rest for small group work time. **

**Class Activity 20 minutes**

This is the time period where students are engaging with the work in pairs or groups. In a 100 minute class, I recommend activities with movement, as well as collaboration. Sometimes we would do card sorts, but rather than sit at desks I would let students do the sort on the floor. Other times I would use stations or scavenger hunts to get kids up and moving or use math dates to have them work with various people. I would circulate and answer questions at this time. If you have a simple worksheet, make sure to read how to turn any worksheet into an activity.

**Recap 5 minutes**

As the activity wraps up, take a few minutes to recap what they have learned by asking students to summarize the lesson. Depending on the activity you could go over various responses or work a few of the difficult problems together.

**Skill Practice 5 minutes**

Most students have some need for remediation, gaps in their mathematical foundation, or need to expound upon their problem solving skills. Each day I would spend no more than five minutes addressing basic math skills. At the beginning of the year this was multiplication charts with various missing numbers or adding and subtracting decimals. I often spent several weeks on number sense by practicing converting between fractions, decimals, and percents.

**Station Work 30 minutes**

I used this time to focus on small groups and remediation. I would work with small groups on their assignment, some students would work independently on a computer, while others would focus on concepts that they needed additional help with. This is also the time that my co-teacher would come into class, which was a life saver. You can read more about this on my math intervention schedule post.

You can read more about planning for and implementing stations here.

**Clean Up/Close 5 minutes**

By this time we are all wiped! It was time to wrap up, clean up, put away supplies, and get everything back in order.

One Hundred minute classes never failed to wear me out, but the extra time was a gift! Especially when I think about the whirlwind of a 45 minute class.

Who else has 100 minutes for math? How do you structure a 100 minute class? I would love to hear how you break it down!

Sherry says

This was very helpful! Thank you!

Noelle Pickering says

So glad to hear! Thank you, Sherry!

Shannon Pitts says

Can you share how you would structure a 55 min class? I would like to incorporate small group instruction in at least once/twice a week.

Noelle Pickering says

Sure! I have a post for 60 minute classes. https://www.maneuveringthemiddle.com/structure-60-minute-class-period/

Crystal says

Like your layout, I teach three 90 minute blocks of 7th grade math. Interested in how you spend 5 minutes on homework? Do you collect and grade later that day? Do you go over just answers? We usually have 10-12 problems for homework, mix of procedural and higher order, but I feel like it takes good portion of class to go over it and I don’t have time to hand grade 90+ papers each night. Looking forward to your feedback.

Noelle Pickering says

I did a few different things which all consisted of checking either your own or a partners paper. Then, I would pick 1-2 to go over in class. Yes, it would be impossible to take them home each night…I did that and almost lost my mind. 🙂

Tabatha Myers says

I have been teaching middle school math for 16 years and have a math specialist endorsement from Virginia. The reality is that you don’t want to spend a huge amount of time on homework because the lesson is where you want the most mental energy to happen. Homework could be a blend of spiraling back to prior concepts in addition to practice of present learning targets. I think the target of around 10 questions is ideal for standard or “on grade level” students. I have my standard students (blend of far below, below and on grade level students) do a “stand and talk” where they have a copy of my answers and a group (flippity is a great online random group generator). They stand at the board (or have a whiteboard at their table group) and compare their answers to each other and to my copy. Students who aren’t prepared for the day may only earn a zero on the assignment IF they aren’t actively participating and trying to get their homework completed (I teach at a fairly at risk school and just wanted them doing the math instead of disengaging because they weren’t prepared for the day). I think a variety of homework review ideas keep it novel. Padlet is another great place to use homework to complete an online discussion. Students could check their answers quickly (we have google classroom so you could hyperlink it there) and then respond using an online discussion forum to address the primary objective. My homework grades are just “completion” grades…you get a 10/10 if you did it well and fully. I also have a 30 minute rule where their parent can sign if they spent a legitimate 30 minutes on the assignment…it actually rarely happens. I save the “real grades” for assessments like quizzes and tests. I want their grade to reflect what they actually know and not that they complete their homework assignments each night. Blessings to you and your classroom! Thanks for the discussion!

Tamika Graves says

Good evening! Since I am a new 7th grade math teacher how do you structure your 90 minute class, I have 1 hour and 45 minutes

Noelle Pickering says

I think this post might be the most helpful. You can make a few modifications to get down to the 90 minute time frame. Thanks!

Darla LaRoux says

Love this! I always wanted to break my math block in chunks, but didn’t know how. Thanks so much. Can’t wait to try this.

Noelle Pickering says

Thanks, Darla!

Amy says

I have 3 -90 minute block classes for 6th grade and this really helped me think about a daily routine that is consistent. Having students on all different levels this would give me time to work with different groups. Thanks!

Tamika Graves says

Good Evening ! My principal changed the class time to an hour and 45 minute this school year. We do not have electives just P.E. This is my first time teaching 7th grade math, coming from 13 years as a Computer Teacher. Any suggestions would help greatly!

Noelle Pickering says

You can do it! I would try and outline a basic schedule incorporating all of the features above.

Kelly Bowland says

As a first year teacher of a 90 minute class, this post is extremely helpful!!

Jenn Bindert says

I am in a new position this year where I am teaching an intervention class in a 92 minute block but its mixed 7th and 8th grade…..how do you suggest I break that down? I have to focus on grade level content as well as the standards they are weak in so I can’t teach their grade level content together. I was thinking of doing 7th grade for 45 min (mini lesson, etc.) then 8th grade for 45 min (mini lesson, then small groups etc.). Any ideas would be great as to how to set up the part of the group I am not teaching at the time to be engaged and working on skills they need. Thanks!!

Tyne Brack says

Hi, Jenn – this is coming super late, but hopefully this can be helpful in some way. Many 7th and 8th grade standards overlap, so I would focus on those specific standards. Chances are if 8th grade students are in intervention, they didn’t fully master many 7th grade skills, so it would only help them build confidence/knowledge to tackle those 8th grade standards. Best of luck!

Jill says

I just found out I will be teaching three 90 min science classes next year. This is soo helpful!

Tyne Brack says

I’m so glad to hear this! Best of luck!

Katie says

Thank you so much for this! I just moved to a new state and this is my first time teaching 7th grade with 90 minutes. I am implementing a schedule like this tomorrow with my kiddos. I am so excited for this!